10
Health Scan: November 2019 - www.healthscan.biz
What is Angina?  Angina pectoris is caused by an insufficient supply of oxygen to the heart muscle.  What Causes Angina?  It  is generally caused  due to ‘atherosclerosis’.   Atherosclerosis is a condition of cholesterol-containing plaque is built up and gradually blocks the blood vessels supplying the heart. This results in insufficiency of Oxygen to heart muscles. Finally this condition precipitates in to Angina.    What are the Signs and Symptoms of Angina?   A squeezing   pain in the chest occurring and the pain  may radiate to the left shoulder blade, left arm or jaw.  The pain exists for a very limited time.  Look for:  Heaviness in the chest, pressure, burning, aching, continuous discomfort in the chest region.  Men in general  feel pain in their chest, neck, and shoulders, while women may feel discomfort in their belly, neck, jaw, throat or back.  How does it manifest?  Stable or chronic angina manifests when heart works harder in events like massive sports, martial arts or heavy duty physical works.   Unstable angina it self indicates that the pattern is irregular and some what unpredictable.  Variant angina or Prinzmetal's angina is a rare case of angina which may happen at night during sleep or while at rest.   What are the  risk Factors?  Risk factors are: •	Over weight •	Diabetes •	Sedentary life style •	certain metabolic syndromes •	Family history •	Age above 45 years for men and 55 for women in general •	High cholesterol levels •	Smoking addiction •	Excessive emotional outbursts •	High BP  Emergency First Aid at home before reaching the Hospital  The patient should lie down comfortably.  He may be given one Aspirin tablet to chew (need to check if he is not allergic to aspirin)  Nitroglycerin spray or tablet may be administered to dilate the blood vessels.  (Need to alert yourself,  if the patient has any other issues like kidney problems or liver problems and other medications which may cross interfere with nitroglycerin)  Precautionary measures  •	Always prefer green vegetables and fresh fruits •	Avoid large meal intake at once. Spread equally in small amounts •	perform moderate exercise and Physical activity •	Prefer low  sodium and  have more potassium foods such as nuts.  •	maintain cool temper  •	control overweight and prefer low fat foods •	Completely avoid junk foods and transfats and preprocessed stored foods •	Avoid strong dairy products Relay on Olive oil as the principal source of fat •	Your intake should regularly contain Nuts such as Almonds and walnuts   These may probably help you to keep a good heart ! Angina Quick read If there is B-12 deficiency during pregnancy,  there is  greater risk of child developing type 2 diabetes and other metabolic disorders according to research studies….