Arjuna plant is one of the ancient plants, that has been in use in herbal applications, primarily for heart health. Its botanical name is Terminalia arjuna. Its  name was mentioned in ‘Atharvaveda’, an ancient script of India. Ancinet medical books Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita and Astang Hridayam had mentioned about therapeutic applications of Arjuna.  However, ancient  Physician Vagabhatta from India,   for the first time, suggested  the use of   Arjuna stem bark powder in heart ailments.  These references along with other studies suggest that ‘Arjuna plant’ has been  basically native to India.  Arjuna is distributed throughout sub Indo-Himalayan tracts of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Deccan, South Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh mainly along riverside and ponds Arjuna Plant The cardio-vascular friend History Therapeutic Plants & Materials Herboveda Series:9
Active    compounds            such    as    triterpenoids,    phytosterol,    lactones,    flavonoids,    phenolic compounds    and    tannins,    glycosides,    saponins,    alkaloids,    carbohydrates    and    proteins    are present   in   Arjuna.   The   antimicrobial   activity   of   extract   showed         inhibition         against   Gram negative bacteria than Gram positive bacteria. Arjuna is rich in Calcium.
Arjuna  Plant Arjuna tree can grow  upto  60-80 ft in height. It can grow on  all types of soils. But  humid, fertile, loam and red laterite soils are more suitable for faster growth and better yield. It usually appears along rivers, streams and big ponds in Indian subcontinent.  It grows best in areas where annual daytime annual temperatures are within the range 20 - 33°c. Preferred pH range is 5.5 to 6.0. The outer surface of the bark is smooth. The heartwood is brown and is very strong. Leaves are  coriaceous, somewhat elliptic and dull green from the upper side and pale brown on the lower side.  Flowers are white in color. Fruits are  oblong. Chemistry Therapeutic activity Analgesic; Antiaggregant; Antidote; Antiischemic;  Antispasmodic; Aphrodisiac;  Astringent; Bradycardic; Cardioprotective; Deobstruent; Diuretic;  Expectorant; Hemostat; Hepatoprotective; Hypertensive; Hypotensive; Laxative; Litholytic; Positive Inotropic; Prostaglandigenic; Sedative; Tonic. Pharmacological Benefits •	The flavonoids of Arjuna namely arjunolone, flavones, luteolin, baicaleiin, quercetin, kempferol, and pelargonidin  have positive  effects on cardiovascular diseases.  These  bioflavonoids inhibit LDL oxidation, endothelial activation and platelet aggregation. Co Q10, abundantly present in Arjuna, is very useful for cardiac muscle health. It has the ability of reducing angina frequency. •	Around fifteen types of tannins and related compounds are present in the bark of  arjuna. These tannins  enhance the synthesis of nitric oxide and relax vascular segments in heart. •	Bark stem of arjuna possesses diuretic, inotropic, and chronotropic properties. The diuretic property is due to the presence of arjunolic acid. •	Traditional medicine uses Arjuna for cases such as: asthma, blood purifier, blood pressure, colic treatment, constipation,  heart health, herpes,  healing of fractures,  liver cirrhosis,  leukoderma,  lipid imbalances, skin infections, water retention, wound healing. Contraindications Person suffering from bleeding disorders, low platelet count, on blood thinners, calcium supplements, CKD etc may need to avoid Arjuna preparations. Physician’s advice is essential. Alert ! In the commercial scenario, sometimes a plant herb called Terminalia tomentosa is added to Arjuna preparions. This adulterant plant mimics Arjuna. It is better to buy the bark of Arjuna to prepare the extract personally.  Arjuna bark measures: width around 10cm; thickness is about 1cm. The adulterant herb is about 8 cm width and 3cm thickness. The surface is very  rough with multiple cracks. Health Scan April 2019   www.healthscan.biz
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Constituents
Stem bark
Triterpinoids, glycosides, tannnins, beta-sitosterols
Roots
Triterpinoids, glycosides
Leaves
Flavonoids, Alkaloids, tannins, steroids
Arjuna