Food-borne viruses Food borne viral diseases are transmitted  via contaminated, spoilt food or through contaminated handling by various people who suffer from viral infections Virus in Greek means poison. Viruses are very small micro-organisms  which are much smaller than bacteria, about one hundredth the size of common bacteria.  Viruses Adenoviruses Aichi viruses Hepatitis A & E virus Human astrovirus H5N1 avian influenza virus Nipah virus Noro virus Rotavirus Sapovirus  A few foodborne viruses Noro virus, Hepatitis virus and Rota virus are more common. Noro viral infection is less harmful  Hepatitis A is more severe Rotavirus affects  children More common Noro virus spreads via produce, shellfish, ready-to-eat foods touched by infected food workers (salads, sandwiches, ice, cookies, fruit), or any other foods contaminated with particles of vomit or feces from an infected person. Diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and stomach pain. Diarrhea tends to be watery and non-bloody. Diarrhea is more common in adults and vomiting is more common in children. Wash hands frequently with soap and running water for at least 20 seconds, particularly after using the bathroom and before, during, and after preparing food. If you work in a restaurant or deli, avoid bare-hand contact with ready-to-eat foods. Clean and disinfect surfaces contaminated by vomit or diarrhoea (use a bleach-based household cleaner as directed on the label). Clean and disinfect food preparation equipment and surfaces. If you are ill with diarrhea or vomiting and for two days afterwards, do not cook, prepare, or serve food for others. Wash fruits and vegetables and cook oysters and other shellfish thoroughly before eating them. Wash clothing or linens soiled by vomit or fecal matter immediately. Remove the items carefully to avoid spreading the virus. Machine wash and dry. Rotaviruses are the most common cause of severe diarrhoeal disease in young children throughout the world. Rotavirus usually spreads from fecal-oral contact. This normally happens because of poor hand-washing or from consuming contaminated food or water. In addition, the virus:  may also be spread from sneezing or coughing, though it’s less common may live on surfaces such as doorknobs and toys for quite some time peaks in the winter and spring  Symptoms of a Rotavirus infection range from mild or severe. They may take up to two days to appear after coming in contact with the virus. While symptoms may vary child-to-child, the most common include: fever, which usually subsides within the first couple of days nausea and vomiting abdominal pain Hepatitis-A spreads through Raw or undercooked shellfish from contaminated waters, raw produce, contaminated drinking water, uncooked foods, and cooked foods that are not reheated after contact with an infected food handler. Diarrhea, dark urine or light-colored stools, jaundice, fever, fatigue, nausea, joint pain, stomach pain, upset stomach, and loss of appetite.  Avoid eating raw oysters or other raw or undercooked shellfish. Wash hands frequently with soap and running water for at least 20 seconds, particularly after using the bathroom,after changing diapers, and before, during, and after preparing food. Vaccination is the best way to prevent hepatitis A. Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended for: All children at age 1 year People with direct contact with others who have hepatitis A People with chronic or long-term liver disease People with clotting-factor disorders Travellers to countries where hepatitis A is common People who use or inject drugs Multi partner relationships diarrhea (usually watery and frequent; may last between three to eight days) dehydration, which can occur quickly, especially in infants. Symptoms of dehydration may include: lethargy or sleepiness, irritability, thirst, pale color to skin, less elasticity in the skin, eyes appear deeply sunken, baby's fontanelle (or soft spot) may feel sunken, decreased or absent tears, decreased urine output, dry mouth  Proper hygiene, hand washing and cleaning surfaces (such as toys and door knobs) are the best way to prevent catching a rotavirus. In addition, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are two brands of vaccines that can help prevent Rotavirus infections, given when your child is 2 months, 4 months and potentially 6 months.
Health Scan: November 2019 -