Animal Proteins   These are high value proteins.  For healthy kidney people these are essential.  But for those who have CKD, these have to be carefully regulated basing on the CKD stage.    List of animal proteins: Red meat, chicken, turkey, pork, eggs and dairy products.  Vegetable and Plant source proteins  Many vegetables contain low proteins or no proteins.   Any vegetable, which contains 5g or less per standard serving,  is considered low protein.    Ref to the Table-1: for list of plant based proteins.  Caution:  Although  the Table-1 gives low protein plant sources, a few of them are rich in Potassium.   CKD patients need to minimize the  intake  of Potassium and Phosphorus too. Almonds	 Amaranth leaves	 Apple	 Banana	 Banana-Raw	 Beets	 blackberry       	 blueberry        	 Bottle gourd	 Brinjal (Egg Plant)	 Cabbage	 Carrots	 Cashews	 Cereals	 cherry  	 Cinnamon	 Clove	 Coffee	 Coriander leaves	 Corn	and Cornflakes Cucumber	 Drum stick plant pods  (Moringa oleifera )	 Gherkins	 Ginger	 grapefruit      	 Grapes	 Guava	 Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) Ladies' fingers Lemon juice	 Lettuce	 mango   (raw or ripened)       	 Olive Oil	 Onion-green	 orange           	 Oranges	 Pumpkin	 Papaya          	 Pasta	 peach            	 Pineapple	 plum           	 pomegranate   	 Potato	 Radish	 raspberry         	 Red chillies	 Rice 	 Ridge gourd	 strawberry        	 Sunflower Oil	 Tamarind	 Tea	 Tomatoes	 Walnuts	 watermelon  Conclusion  Kidney diets should to be lower in protein than the average diet in order to ease the load  on the kidneys. Although protein is important to the normal growth, wound healing, and infection fighting of your body, excessive amounts can cause  problems for people with kidney disease. Therefore,  •	Limiting dietary protein •	Controlling electrolyte intake •	Limiting fluid intake •	Eating sufficient calories •	Avoid excessive exercise and physical strain •	Practice activities like Yoga and meditation •	Main good lifestyle and sleep One important note: Low potassium need not mean that they are    low Phosphorous or low Sodium and vice versa.  For example Beet roots are low in Phosphorous, but high in Potassium and moderately high in Sodium.  Foods Low in Potassium  contain less than 150 mg per serving Foods low in Phosphorus contain not more than 100 mg per serving Low in Phosphorous :  Generally all fruits and vegetables are low in Phosphorous.  In animal sources: Eggs are low in Phosphorous Low in Potassium  Plant sources:  Alfalfa Sprouts; Beans (green); Bean Sprouts; Beets, Carrot(half serving) Cabbage;  Cauliflower; Cucumber; (Brinjal)Eggplant; Garlic;  Lettuce; Onion(one small piece); Peppers; Pine apple juice (Half cup);Radish; Snow Peas; Turnips; Rice  Apples;; Blackberries;; Blueberries; Cranberries; Grapes;  Lemon; Lime; Papaya; Peaches; canned;  Pears; Pineapple; Plums; Raspberries; Strawberries; Watermelon(half cup); Coffee, tea  Animal sources: Nil Low in Sodium  All Fruits are Low Sodium.  Generally all fresh vegetables are low in Sodium. Fesh butter, skimmed milk, buttermilk, curd, Coffee, tea, rice,    Animal foods: Nil Table-1 Low Protein plant Sources For Kidney patients Low protein, Low Phosphorus, low potassium and low sodium are important. Here is a list of a few of foods for quick reference.
15
Health Scan-December 2019 www.healthscan.biz