Health Scan: October 2019 -
Vitamin E prevents long lasting damage to the heart muscles after heart attack Long lasting damage to the muscles of the heart is common after heart attacks or myocardial infarction. At present, there is no drug to reduce the cardiac muscle damage after heart attack.   Professor Karlheinz Peter, the Baker Institute's Deputy Director, Basic and Translational Science, revealed that the most effective anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of vitamin E and its derivatives, play an important role in preventing muscle damage in heart attack patients. Alpha-TOH (vitamin E), preserves cardiac function by inhibiting Ischemia or reperfusion injury-induced oxidative and inflammatory responses. So, Vitamin E is an effective, low-cost treatment, which can improve the cardiovascular health of the patients Paracetamol intake during pregnancy associated with Childhood behaviour Paracetamol is commonly used to relieve pain during pregnancy and is recommended by the NHS. Researchers found that paracetamol intake during pregnancy leads to adverse effects such as issues with asthma or behaviour in the children. Boys are found to be at more risk than girls to such behavioural effects of the drug. Paracetamol intake causes hyperactivity, attention problems, and other difficult behaviours in young children. So, they advise pregnant women to be cautious while taking medication and it will be better to seek medical advice whenever necessary. Drinking tea at least four times a week improves brain health Researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) found that individuals who consume either green tea, oolong tea, or black tea at least four times a week for about 25 years have healthy cognitive function compared to non-tea drinkers. In such people, the brain regions which are associated with healthy cognitive function are better organised, preventing disruption to interregional connections. Finding travelers' typhoid to get an early warning of developing threats Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection that can spread throughout the body. If it is left without treatment, it can cause serious complications and can be serious. Different forms of the bacteria Salmonella typhi that causes typhoid are multi-drug resistant, showing resistance to different classes of drugs. Researchers are trying to understand the genomics of S. Typhi in countries around the world, providing an early warning system for emerging threats such as antibiotic resistance and disease outbreaks abroad. They are using Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS technologies), to predict vulnerability of these bacteria to antibiotics. The abundance of healthy microbiomes of gut affected by different types of fibre According to World Health Organization, for a lesser occurrence of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and colon cancer, the intake of fibre should be between 25 and 29 grams per day. Doctors advise to take low fibre diet for some people who are suffering from inflammatory bowel disorder and high fibre diet to others for the maintenance of gut health. A healthy human gut contains different strains of microbiome and their abundance is affected by different types of fibre. Citrus pectin and pea fibre result in increased abundance of B. thetaiotaomicron. Barley beta-glucan and barley bran fibre result in an increase in members of the Bacterial strains. Other fibres such as high molecular weight inulin, maltodextrin, and psyllium result in an increase in members of other Bacteroides strains. Onions and garlic may protect against breast cancer Onions and garlic are part of the allium genus, along with leeks, chives, and hundreds of other species The researchers found an inverse association between moderate and high total onion and garlic consumption and breast cancer cases, compared with low consumption of these vegetables. The study was done by researchers from University at Buffalo and University of Puerto Rico to Vitamin E Salmonella Health Scan News 5